Massey University Referencing

This section describes the correct methods for crediting external sources (such as books, articles, and websites) in assignments. Referencing external sources properly shows your marker that you can effectively locate and integrate facts and ideas into your assignment. Failure to reference your sources is plagiarism and can carry significant academic penalties.

In this section

Intro to referencing

Quoting & paraphrasing

APA style

MLA style

Chicago style

Other styles

Help and support

If you have any questions relating to academic writing, study skills, or the other topics covered on OWLL, then you can Contact our consultants for online and/or face-to-face support.

Related sections

Correct referencing is one requirement of good academic writing. For other requirements, see the section on academic writing.

Massey Library offers EndNote, bibliographic management software that can create, store, and manage references automatically.

For a broader understanding of honesty in assignment writing, see Academic Integrity.